NAM - IssueViews Site
	

		
	
	











	

Nuclear Weapons Free Zones Keyword Index


THEMEKEYWORDS
General Views on NWFZEstablishment of denuclearized zones, nuclear-weapons-free zone, zones of peace, denuclearization, NWFZ
Indian Ocean Zone of PeaceIndian ocean, zone of peace, peace zone
Tlatelolco TreatyLatin America, Treaty of Tlatelolco, Mendoza Agreement, Caribbean, Argentina
Pelindaba TreatyAfrica, Pelindaba, Treaty of Pelindaba, Pelindaba Treaty
SEANWFZASEAN; Southeast Asia, Southeast Asia Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone, ASEAN Charter, SEANWFZ Treaty, Bangkok Treaty
Central Asian NWFZCentral Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone, Central Asian NWFZ
Mongolia as a NWFZMongolia, nuclear-weapons-free status/ state
Middle East NWFZMiddle East Nuclear Weapon Free Zone, ME NWFZ, 1995 Resolution on the Middle East, Action Plan on the Middle East
Bangkok Treaty
NWFZ ME
Treaty of Bangkok
Security Assurances and NWFZ
Rarotonga Treaty
Central Asia Treaty

On Nuclear Weapons Free Zones


2003 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2003 Plenary Session: General Debate and Annual Report for 2002 GC(47)/OR.4 

(Page 4, Para 22) NAM noted the Summit Conference had reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East in accordance with Security Council resolution 487 (1981), and paragraph 14 of Security Council resolution 687 (1991), and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus.

(Page 4, Para 22) NAM asked all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the establishment of [a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East] and called on Israel to place all its nuclear facilities under Agency full-scope safeguards without delay.

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2003 Plenary Session: General Debate and Annual Report for 2002 GC(47)/OR.4 

(Page 4, Para 22) NAM asked all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the establishment of [a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East] and called on Israel to place all its nuclear facilities under Agency full-scope safeguards without delay.

Israel

2003 Plenary Session: General Debate and Annual Report for 2002 GC(47)/OR.4 

(Page 4, Para 22) NAM asked all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the establishment of [a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East] and called on Israel to place all its nuclear facilities under Agency full-scope safeguards without delay.

Access to Technology and Technology Transfer

2003 Plenary Session: General Debate and Annual Report for 2002 GC(47)/OR.4 

(Page 4, Para 23) NAM noted with concern the persistence of undue restrictions on exports to developing countries of material, equipment and technology for peaceful purposes and stressed that proliferation issues were best addressed through multilaterally negotiated, universal, comprehensive and non-discriminatory agreements. Non-proliferation control arrangements should be transparent and open to participation by all States and should ensure that they did not impose restrictions that hindered development.

2003 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

20 November 2003 Meeting

NAM had noted that the Foreign Ministers had committed their countries to co-operating with Iran in promoting security and stability in the region through - inter alia - the establishment of a WMD-free zone in the Middle East, would welcome the speedy establishment of a WMD-free zone in the Middle East in accordance with the relevant resolutions of the United Nations Security Council and the General Assembly, would like all parties concerned to take urgent practical steps to that end, and urged Israel to promptly place all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive Agency safeguards.

2004 General Conference

No views on "Nuclear Weapons Free Zones " during this meeting

2004 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

13 September 2004 Meeting

…welcomed the good cooperation the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya had shown since the beginning of the verification activities in that country following its declaration of December 2003. That cooperation, including the provision of prompt access to locations requested and to senior personnel and the taking of corrective actions, had enabled the Agency to gain an understanding of Libya’s previously undeclared nuclear programme, and had brought it into compliance with its safeguards agreement. Libya’s decision was a step towards the realization of the goal of an Africa and Middle East free of WMDs and at peace. In that context, NAM had welcomed the statement by the President of the United Nations Security Council (S/PRST/2004/10) and was confident that the steps taken by Libya would facilitate and improve international cooperation and enhance that country’s security. The NAM Chapter reiterated its full support for the speedy establishment of a zone free of WMDs in the Middle East, in accordance with the relevant Security Council and General Assembly resolutions. NAM once again called on all the parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps to that end, and urged Israel promptly to place all its nuclear facilities under Agency full-scope safeguards. NAM shared the Director General’s assessment and fully supported him in continuing to report developments as part of the periodic reporting of the Agency’s verification activities unless circumstances warranted otherwise. Also, NAM strongly believed that the item should henceforth be removed from the Board’s agenda and that in future the matter should be dealt with in the normal manner pursuant to Libya’s safeguards agreement.

All parties concerned had been urged to take urgent and practical steps to fulfill the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone. Israel, as the only country in the Middle East region that had not joined the NPT or declared its intention to do so, should promptly place all of its nuclear facilities under Agency comprehensive safeguards in accordance with Security Council resolution 487 (1981) and should conduct its nuclear-related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. The acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel posed a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States. Israel’s continued development and stockpiling of nuclear weapons had also been condemned.

General Views on NWFZ

13 September 2004 Meeting

The establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones through such instruments as the Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok and Pelindaba Treaties remained a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament. The efforts aimed at establishing new nuclear-weapon-free zones in all regions of the world had been welcomed. Cooperation and broad consultation would be needed. In that context, support had been expressed for Mongolia’s nuclear-weapon-free status. The institutionalization of that status would be an important step towards strengthening the nonproliferation regime in that region. Consultations should continue between ASEAN and the nuclear-weapon States on the Protocol of the Bangkok Treaty with a view to the latter becoming parties to the Protocol as soon as possible. The decision by all five Central Asian States to sign the Central Asian Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone Treaty as soon as possible had been welcomed. Support had also been expressed for the convening, at an appropriate time, of an international conference of the State Parties, ratifiers and signatories of the Tlatelolco, Rarotonga, Bangkok and Pelindaba Treaties to discuss and implement further modalities for cooperation among themselves, their treaty agencies and other interested States.

2005 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2005 Plenary Session: Israeli nuclear capability and threat GC(49)/OR.10

(Page 10, Para 71) NAM re-emphasized the need for an NWFZ in the Middle East. 

(Page 10, Para 71) NAM recalled the declaration made by the NAM Heads of Government or State... reiterating their support for the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction, expressing their concern about the acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel, which posed a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States, and condemning Israel for continuing to develop and stockpile nuclear arsenals. 

2005 Board of Governors

No views on "Nuclear Weapons Free Zones " during this meeting

2006 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2005 Plenary Session:Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(50)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM reiterated their support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. To this end, they reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East in accordance with the Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and paragraph 14 of the Security Council Resolution 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus.

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM reiterated their support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. To this end, they reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East in accordance with the Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and paragraph 14 of the Security Council Resolution 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus.

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of such a zone [free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East]…

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM demanded on Israel… to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981), and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime.

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM expressed great concern over the acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel, which poses a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States, and condemned Israel for continuing to develop and stockpile nuclear arsenals.

(Page 2, Para 8) They further welcomed the initiative by H.E. Mr. Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, on the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East…

(Page 3, Para 8) NAM took into consideration the draft resolution tabled by the Syrian Arab Republic, on behalf of the Arab Group, before the Security Council on 29 December 2003 on the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.

(Page 3, Para 8) NAM stressed that necessary steps should be taken in different international fora for the establishment of this zone [free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East].

(Page 3, Para 8) NAM also called for the total and complete prohibition of the transfer of all nuclear-related equipment, information, material and facilities, resources or devices and the extension of assistance in the nuclear related scientific or technological fields to Israel. In this regard, they expressed their serious concern over the continuing development whereby Israeli scientists are provided access to the nuclear facilities of one NWS. 

Israel

2005 Plenary Session:Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(50)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM demanded on Israel… to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981), and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime.

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM expressed great concern over the acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel, which poses a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States, and condemned Israel for continuing to develop and stockpile nuclear arsenals.

(Page 3, Para 8) NAM also called for the total and complete prohibition of the transfer of all nuclear-related equipment, information, material and facilities, resources or devices and the extension of assistance in the nuclear related scientific or technological fields to Israel. In this regard, they expressed their serious concern over the continuing development whereby Israeli scientists are provided access to the nuclear facilities of one NWS.  

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2005 Plenary Session:Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(50)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 8) …NAM demanded on Israel… to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981), and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime.

Iran

2005 Plenary Session:Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(50)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of [a NWFZ in the Middle East]…

Egypt

2005 Plenary Session:Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(50)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM further welcomed the initiative by H.E. Mr. Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, on the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East… 

Syria

2005 Plenary Session:Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(50)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 8) NAM took into consideration the draft resolution tabled by the Syrian Arab Republic, on behalf of the Arab Group, before the Security Council on 29 December 2003 on the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East. 

2006 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

11 September 2006 Meeting

…[NAM] recalled that the statement on the Iranian nuclear issue adopted at the Ministerial Meeting of the NAM Coordinating Bureau held in Malaysia in May 2006 had pointed to the establishment of nuclear-weapon-free zones as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and had expressed support for the establishment of such a zone in the Middle East, in accordance with the relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, the statement had called upon Israel to accede to the NPT without delay and promptly place all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive safeguards.

2007 General Conference

No views on "Nuclear Weapons Free Zones " during this meeting

2007 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

10 September 2007 Meeting

NAM maintained principled positions on nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation. In the final document of the 14th NAM summit held in Havana, Cuba, from 15 to 16 September 2006, the Heads of State and Government had reiterated their support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. To that end, they had reaffirmed the need for the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East in accordance with Security Council resolution 487 (1981) and paragraph 14 of Security Council resolution 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus.

They had called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of such a zone and, pending its establishment, they had demanded that Israel, the only country in the region that had not joined the NPT or declared its intention to do so, renounce possession of nuclear weapons, accede to the NPT without delay, place promptly all its nuclear facilities under full-scope Agency safeguards according to Security Council resolution 487 and conduct its nuclear-related activities in conformity with the nonproliferation regime.

Further, they had welcomed the initiative by Mr. Hosni Mubarak, President of Egypt, on the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East and, in that context, they had taken into consideration the draft resolution tabled by the Syrian Arab Republic, on behalf of the Arab Group, before the Security Council on 29 December 2003 on the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.

They had stressed that necessary steps should be taken in different international forums for the establishment of such a zone. 

Israel

11 June 2007 Meeting

Cuba, speaking on behalf of NAM, said that its position regarding the Iranian nuclear issue was reflected in the following statement adopted at its 14th summit, held in Havana, Cuba, on 15–16 September 2006:

“The Heads of State or Government considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear-weapon-free zone, in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, they demanded Israel to accede to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards.

2008 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2008 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2007 GC(52)/OR.8

(Page 22, Para 150) NAM reiterated their support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. As a priority step to this end, they reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East in accordance with the Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and paragraph 14 of the Security Council Resolution 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus. … they demanded on Israel… to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. They called for the earliest implementation of relevant IAEA resolutions on “Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East.”

(Page 22, Para 150) NAM expressed great concern over the acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel which poses a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States, and condemned Israel for continuing to develop and stockpile nuclear arsenals. In this context they also condemned the statement made by the Prime Minister of Israel on 11 December 2006, related to the possession of nuclear weapons by Israel. They urged the continued consideration of the issue of Israeli nuclear capabilities in the context of the IAEA… They also called for the total and complete prohibition of the transfer of all nuclear-related equipment, information, material and facilities, resources or devices and the extension of assistance in the nuclear related scientific or technological fields to Israel. In this regard, they expressed their serious concern over the continuing development whereby Israeli scientists are provided access to the nuclear facilities of one NWS.

(Page 22, Para 150) NAM called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of such a zone [free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle]…

(Page 22, Para 150) …NAM took into consideration the draft resolution tabled by the Syrian Arab Republic, on behalf of the Arab Group, before the Security Council on 29 December 2003 on the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.

(Page 22, Para 150) NAM They further welcomed the initiative by H.E. Mr. Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, on the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East…

(Page 23, Para 151) NAM noted with regret the Director General’s finding that he continued to be unable to make further progress in fulfilling his mandate pursuant to resolution GC(51)/RES/17 regarding the application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East. NAM also regretted Israel’s continued insistence that progress in that regard be made contingent upon other developments related to the achievement of peace in the Middle East, rather than contributing to such developments. 

(Page 23, Para 152) NAM welcomed the Director General’s efforts to develop an agenda and modalities for a forum on the relevance of the experience of existing NWFZs for establishing such a zone in the Middle East. For such a forum to be successful, its agenda should reflect the consensus within the international community on the importance of establishing a NWFZ in the Middle East. NAM welcomed the convergence of views on convening the forum and requested the Director General to continue consultations with Member States of the Middle East to agree upon the agenda and modalities, with a view to convening a productive forum as early as practicable.

(Page 23, Para 151) NAM welcomed the Director General’s finding that there was a consensus that the global nuclear non-proliferation regime would be further strengthened through the establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East, and it believed that every effort must be made to translate that consensus into urgent and practical steps.

Syria

2008 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2007 GC(52)/OR.8

(Page 22, Para 150) …NAM took into consideration the draft resolution tabled by the Syrian Arab Republic, on behalf of the Arab Group, before the Security Council on 29 December 2003 on the establishment of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East.

Egypt

2008 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2007 GC(52)/OR.8

(Page 22, Para 150) NAM They further welcomed the initiative by H.E. Mr. Mohammed Hosni Mubarak, President of the Arab Republic of Egypt, on the establishment of a zone free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle East…

Israel

2008 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2007 GC(52)/OR.8

(Page 22, Para 150) …NAM demanded on Israel… to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. 

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2008 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2007 GC(52)/OR.8

(Page 22, Para 150) …NAM demanded on Israel… to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. 

Iran

2008 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2007 GC(52)/OR.8

(Page 22, Para 150) NAM called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of such a zone [free from weapons of mass destruction in the Middle]…

2008 Board of Governors

Mongolia as a NWFZ

3 March 2008 Meeting

NAM’s position regarding the Iranian nuclear issue was reflected in the following statement adopted at its 14th summit, held in Havana, Cuba, on 15–16 September 2006:

“The Heads of State or Government considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear-weapon-free zone, in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, they demanded Israel to accede to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards. 

Israel

27 November 2008 Meeting

Cuba, speaking on behalf of the Vienna Chapter of NAM, said that NAM’s position of principle regarding the issue in question was reflected in the following statement adopted at the Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement held in Tehran from 27 to 30 July 2008:

“The Ministers considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free-zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear weapons free zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, they demanded Israel to accede unconditionally to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards in accordance with Security Council Resolution 487 (1981). 

Middle East NWFZ

27 November 2008 Meeting

Cuba, speaking on behalf of the Vienna Chapter of NAM, said that NAM’s position of principle regarding the issue in question was reflected in the following statement adopted at the Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement held in Tehran from 27 to 30 July 2008:

“The Ministers considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free-zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear weapons free zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, they demanded Israel to accede unconditionally to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards in accordance with Security Council Resolution 487 (1981). 

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

22 September 2008 Meeting

Cuba, speaking on behalf of NAM…They called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of such a zone and, pending its establishment, they demanded on Israel, the only country in the region that has not joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) nor declared its intention to do so, to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. They called for the earliest implementation of relevant IAEA resolutions on “Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East”.

2009 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2009 Plenary Session: Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(53)/OR.9

(Page 11, Para 81) The NAM Heads of State and Government reiterated their support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. As a priority step to this end, they reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East... NAM demanded on Israel... to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. They called for the earliest implementation of relevant IAEA resolutions on “Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East.

(Page 12, Para 83) NAM also regretted Israel’s continued insistence that progress in that regard be made contingent on other developments related to the achievement of peace in the Middle East.

(Page 12, Para 84) NAM welcomed the Director General’s finding that there was a continuing consensus that the global nuclear non-proliferation regime would be further strengthened through the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, and it held the view that every effort should therefore be made to translate that consensus into urgent and practical steps.

(Page 12, Para 85) …NAM stressed that, for that forum to be successful, its agenda should reflect the consensus within the international community on the importance of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. NAM requested the Director General to continue consultations with Member States of the Middle East in an effort to achieve consensus on the agenda and modalities for the forum.

2009 Plenary Session: Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(53)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 11) The Heads of State and Government [of the Non-Aligned Movement] ... reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East in accordance with the Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and paragraph 14 of the Security Council Resolution 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus.

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2009 Plenary Session: General debate and Annual Report for 2008 GC(53)/OR.9

(Page 11, Para 81) NAM demanded on Israel... to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime. 

(Page 11, Para 82) NAM noted with regret the Director General’s statement that he remained unable to make further progress in fulfilling his mandate pursuant to resolution GC(52)/RES/15 regarding the application of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East.

2009 Plenary Session: Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(53)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 11) The Heads of State and Government [of the Non-Aligned Movement] ... reaffirmed the need for the speedy establishment of a NWFZ in the Middle East in accordance with the Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and paragraph 14 of the Security Council Resolution 687 (1991) and the relevant General Assembly resolutions adopted by consensus. ... [T]hey demanded on Israel... to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non proliferation regime. They urged the continued consideration of the issue of Israeli nuclear capabilities in the context of the IAEA...

Iran

2009 Plenary Session: Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(53)/OR.10

(Page 11, Para 81) The Heads of State and Government [of NAM] reiterated their support for the establishment in the Middle East of a zone free of all weapons of mass destruction. They called upon all parties concerned to take urgent and practical steps towards the fulfilment of the proposal initiated by Iran in 1974 for the establishment of such a zone…

Israel

2009 Plenary Session: Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East GC(53)/OR.9

(Page 11, Para 81) NAM demanded on Israel, the only country in the region that has not joined the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) nor declared its intention to do so, to renounce possession of nuclear weapons, to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non-proliferation regime.  

2009 Plenary Session: Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(53)/OR.10

(Page 2, Para 11) NAM demanded on Israel... to accede to the NPT without delay, to place promptly all its nuclear facilities under IAEA full-scope safeguards according to Security Council Resolution 487 (1981) and to conduct its nuclear related activities in conformity with the non proliferation regime. ...They expressed great concern over the acquisition of nuclear capability by Israel which poses a serious and continuing threat to the security of neighbouring and other States, and condemned Israel for continuing to develop and stockpile nuclear arsenals. In this context they also condemned the statement made by the Prime Minister of Israel on 11 December 2006, related to the possession of nuclear weapons by Israel. They urged the continued consideration of the issue of Israeli nuclear capabilities in the context of the IAEA... They also called for the total and complete prohibition of the transfer of all nuclear-related equipment, information, material and facilities, resources or devices and the extension of assistance in the nuclear related scientific or technological fields to Israel. ...NAM expressed their serious concern over the continuing development whereby Israeli scientists are provided access to the nuclear facilities of one NWS. 

2009 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

2 March 2009 Meeting

Cuba, speaking on behalf of the Vienna Chapter of NAM, said that NAM’s position of principle regarding the issue in question was reflected in the following statement adopted at the Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement, held in Tehran from 27 to 30 July 2008:

“The Ministers considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free-zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear weapons free zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, they demanded Israel to accede unconditionally to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards in accordance with Security Council Resolution 487 (1981). 

Israel

2 March 2009 Meeting

Cuba, speaking on behalf of the Vienna Chapter of NAM, said that NAM’s position of principle regarding the issue in question was reflected in the following statement adopted at the Ministerial Meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement, held in Tehran from 27 to 30 July 2008:

“The Ministers considered the establishment of nuclear-weapons-free-zones (NWFZs) as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated the support for the establishment in the Middle East of a nuclear weapons free zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. Pending the establishment of such a zone, they demanded Israel to accede unconditionally to the NPT without delay and place promptly all its nuclear facilities under comprehensive IAEA safeguards in accordance with Security Council Resolution 487 (1981). 

2010 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2010 Plenary Session: Application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(54)/OR.9 

(Page 4, Para 24) NAM regarded the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament... NAM considered that achieving universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the region... was a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

(Page 5, Para 29) NAM State Parties to the NPT welcomed the endorsement by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of the measure that the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and the sponsors of the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, should convene in 2012… a conference to be attended by all States of the Middle East on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction…

(Page 5, Para 30) NAM noted with appreciation the Director General’s recent efforts to develop... a successful forum... for establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East.

(Page 13, Para 84) NAM considered the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East a positive step towards the objective of global nuclear disarmament and it reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone...


1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2010 Plenary Session: Application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(54)/OR.9 

(Page 5, Para 29) NAM State Parties to the NPT welcomed the endorsement by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of the measure that the Secretary-General of the United Nations, and the sponsors of the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, should convene in 2012… a conference to be attended by all States of the Middle East on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction…

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2010 Plenary Session: Application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(54)/OR.9 

(Page 4, Para 24) NAM regarded the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament... NAM considered that achieving universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the region... was a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

2010 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

13 September 2010 Meeting

Egypt, speaking on behalf of NAM, reiterated NAM’s principled positions on the issue….The establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and NAM supported the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant United Nations General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. (GOV/OR.1280 – Para 42) Egypt, speaking on behalf of NAM, reiterated NAM’s principled positions on the issue.

(Egypt), speaking on behalf of NAM, said that stability could not be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities were maintained, particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons, which allowed one party to threaten its neighbours and the region as a whole. The establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament, and NAM continued to advocate the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. The effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East promoted greater confidence among States in that region, and achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region would be the first practical step towards that end and was a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.

The NAM member countries parties to the NPT welcomed the fact that the 2010 NPT Review Conference had “endorsed the practical step that the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the co-sponsors of the [resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference], in consultation with the States of the region, will convene a conference in 2012, to be attended by all States of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at by the States of the region, and with the full support and engagement of the nuclear-weapon States.” NAM had noted that the 2012 conference would take the 1995 resolution as its terms of reference.

NAM greatly appreciated the Director General’s recent efforts to develop an agenda and modalities that would help to ensure “a successful forum on the relevance of the experience of existing NWFZs, including confidence-building and verification measures, for establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East.” For the forum to be successful, its agenda should reflect the consensus within the international community on the importance of establishing a NWFZ in the Middle East. Accordingly, NAM would like the Director General to continue consultations with Member States of the Middle East region in an effort to achieve a consensus, by convergence of views, on the agenda and modalities of the forum.

NAM was fully committed to cooperating with the Director General and supporting his efforts in implementing resolution GC(53)/RES/16. It was NAM’s expectation that all Agency Member States would cooperate with him and support his efforts.

The establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament, and NAM continued to advocate the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. 

2011 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2011 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(55)/OR.9

(Page 3, Para 17) NAM, which considered that the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step, leading towards the objective of global nuclear disarmament, continued to favour the establishment of such a zone...

(Page 3, Para 18) NAM, which was convinced that the effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards promoted greater confidence among States, considered that achieving universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East was a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there. 

(Page 3, Para 23) The NAM member States party to the NPT, recalling the resolution on the Middle East adoptedin 1995 by the NPT Review and Extension Conference, welcomed the fact that the 2010 NPT Review Conference had “endorsed the practical step that the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the co-sponsors of the 1995 Resolution... will convene a conference in 2012... on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction..."

(Page 4, Para 24) NAM had noted with appreciation the Director General’s recent efforts to develop “an agenda and modalities which will help to ensure a successful forum on the relevance of the experience of existing NWFZs, including confidence-building and verification measures, for establishing a nuclearweapon-free zone in the region of the Middle East.” 

(Page 11, Para 73) NAM regarded the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and continued to advocate the establishment of such a zone in accordance with the relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. 

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2011 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(55)/OR.9

(Page 3, Para 18) NAM, which was convinced that the effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards promoted greater confidence among States, considered that achieving universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East was a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2011 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(55)/OR.9

(Page 3, Para 23) The NAM member States party to the NPT, recalling the resolution on the Middle East adoptedin 1995 by the NPT Review and Extension Conference, welcomed the fact that the 2010 NPT Review Conference had “endorsed the practical step that the Secretary-General of the United Nations and the co-sponsors of the 1995 Resolution... will convene a conference in 2012... on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction..."

2011 Board of Governors

Middle East NWFZ

12 September 2011 Meeting

Egypt, speaking on behalf of NAM, reiterated NAM’s principled positions on the matter….. NAM considered the establishment of a nuclear weapon-free zone in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant United Nations General Assembly and Security Council resolutions.

Egypt, speaking on behalf of NAM, thanked the Director General for his report contained in document GOV/2011/55.

NAM’s principled position on the matter was as follows. NAM strongly believed that stability could not be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities were maintained, particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons, which allowed one party to threaten its neighbours and the region. NAM considered the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and it reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant United Nations General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. NAM was convinced that the effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East promoted greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considered that achieving universality of Agency comprehensive safeguards in the Middle East was the first practical step towards that end and a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone [NWFZ] in the region.

NAM welcomed the fact that its member States which were party to the NPT concluded comprehensive safeguards agreements with the Agency, in fulfilment of their obligation under Article III.(1) of the Treaty, as non-nuclear-weapon States. It noted that all States in the Middle East region except Israel were party to the NPT and had undertaken to accept Agency comprehensive safeguards.

NAM regretted Israel’s continued insistence that Agency safeguards could not be addressed in isolation from the regional peace process. It emphasized that there was no automatic link between the application of comprehensive safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East and the prior conclusion of a peace settlement, and that the former would contribute to the latter.

NAM also noted with regret that the Director General had not been able to make further progress in fulfilling his mandate pursuant to resolution GC(54)/RES/13 regarding the application of Agency comprehensive safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East.

NAM emphasized that all Member States should cooperate to reverse that unacceptable situation. It encouraged the active participation of all Member States in achieving universality of Agency comprehensive safeguards in the Middle East. In that context, it requested that, when promoting Agency safeguards in the Middle East, priority be accorded to achieving universality of Agency comprehensive safeguards in the region.

NAM also noted that the Director General would continue with his consultations in accordance with his mandate regarding the early application of Agency comprehensive safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East. It welcomed the Director General’s efforts to encourage the development and consideration of relevant new ideas and approaches that could help to move his mandate forward, and requested that he continue to brief Member States regularly on such efforts.

NAM States party to the NPT welcomed the endorsement by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of the practical step that the United Nations Secretary-General and the co-sponsors of the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, in consultation with States in the region, would convene a conference in 2012, to be attended by all States of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at by the States of the region and with the full support and engagement of the nuclear-weapon States. NAM noted that the 2012 conference should take as its terms of reference the 1995 resolution.

NAM took note with appreciation of the recent efforts of the Director General to develop an agenda and modalities which would help ensure a successful forum on the relevance of the experience of existing nuclear-weapon-free zones — including confidence-building and verification measures —for establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. It also took note that the Director General had mentioned in his report that those efforts had been welcomed by many Member States and that he had written to all Member States inviting them to take part in the forum to be held on 21–22 November 2011 at Agency Headquarters in Vienna. NAM stressed that, for the forum to be successful, its agenda should reflect the consensus within the international community on the importance of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East. Accordingly, NAM requested that the Director General continue consultations with all Member States on arrangements that would be conducive to the forum making a constructive contribution to the objective of establishing a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East.

NAM was fully committed to cooperating with the Director General and to supporting his efforts in implementing resolution GC(54)/RES/13. It was NAM’s expectation that all other Agency Member States would do the same.

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

12 September 2011 Meeting

NAM States party to the NPT welcomed the endorsement by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of the practical step that the United Nations Secretary-General and the co-sponsors of the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, in consultation with States in the region, would convene a conference in 2012, to be attended by all States of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at by the States of the region and with the full support and engagement of the nuclear-weapon States. NAM noted that the 2012 conference should take as its terms of reference the 1995 resolution.

 

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

12 September 2011 Meeting

NAM’s principled position on the matter was as follows. NAM strongly believed that stability could not be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities were maintained, particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons, which allowed one party to threaten its neighbours and the region. NAM considered the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and it reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant United Nations General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. NAM was convinced that the effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East promoted greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considered that achieving universality of Agency comprehensive safeguards in the Middle East was the first practical step towards that end and a necessary step towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone [NWFZ] in the region.

NAM also noted with regret that the Director General had not been able to make further progress in fulfilling his mandate pursuant to resolution GC(54)/RES/13 regarding the application of Agency comprehensive safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East.

NAM emphasized that all Member States should cooperate to reverse that unacceptable situation. It encouraged the active participation of all Member States in achieving universality of Agency comprehensive safeguards in the Middle East. In that context, it requested that, when promoting Agency safeguards in the Middle East, priority be accorded to achieving universality of Agency comprehensive safeguards in the region.

NAM also noted that the Director General would continue with his consultations in accordance with his mandate regarding the early application of Agency comprehensive safeguards to all nuclear activities in the Middle East. It welcomed the Director General’s efforts to encourage the development and consideration of relevant new ideas and approaches that could help to move his mandate forward, and requested that he continue to brief Member States regularly on such efforts.

2012 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2012 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(56)/OR.8

(Page 5, Para 30) NAM continued to support the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East... as a positive step towards achieving the objective of global nuclear disarmament.

(Page 5, Para 31) Convinced that the effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East promoted greater confidence among States in the region, NAM viewed their universal application there as a practical and necessary step towards that end and towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

(Page 5, Para 35) The NAM member States party to the NPT recalled the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, and the endorsement by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of the convening... of a conference in 2012, to be attended by all States of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at by the States of the region, and with the full support and engagement of the nuclear-weapon States.

(Page 5, Para 36) NAM appreciated the Director General’s convening of the forum on experience of possible relevance to the creation of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East, which had been held in Vienna 21–22 November 2011... NAM requested that the Director General continue his efforts and consultations with all Member States to that end.

(Page 11, Para 75) The establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament. NAM reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant United Nations General Assembly and Security Council resolutions.

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2012 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(56)/OR.8

(Page 5, Para 31) Convinced that the effective and efficient application of Agency safeguards in the Middle East promoted greater confidence among States in the region, NAM viewed their universal application there as a practical and necessary step towards that end and towards the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone.

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2012 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(56)/OR.8

(Page 5, Para 35) The NAM member States party to the NPT recalled the resolution on the Middle East adopted by the 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, and the endorsement by the 2010 NPT Review Conference of the convening... of a conference in 2012, to be attended by all States of the Middle East, on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction, on the basis of arrangements freely arrived at by the States of the region, and with the full support and engagement of the nuclear-weapon States.

2013 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2013 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(57)/OR.9

(Page 1, para 8) NAM reiterated its position of principle in the matter as follows:

(b) NAM considers the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterates its support for the establishment of such a zone...

(c) NAM is convinced that the effective and efficient application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East promotes greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considers that achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region is the first practical step towards that end, and is a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.  

(Page 2, Para 14) The NAM members parties to the NPT... recalled the consensus decision contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the convening, in 2012, of a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction...

(Page 2, Para 15) The NAM members parties to the NPT were profoundly disappointed that the aforementioned conference to be convened in 2012 had still not taken place. They were of the view that the failure to convene the conference in 2012 had been contrary to the letter and spirit of the resolution on the Middle East adopted in 1995 by the NPT Review and Extension Conference and violated the collective agreement of the States parties to the NPT contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Conference. They urged the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without any further delay, in order to avoid a negative impact on the credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the 2015 NPT Review Conference and on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole.

(Page 3, Para 16) NAM requested the Director General to continue his consultations with Member States on arrangements conducive to achievement of the objective of the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East.

(Page 11, Para 90) NAM considered that the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East would be a positive step towards the objective of global nuclear disarmament, and it continued to advocate the establishment of such a zone...

General Views on NWFZ

2013 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(57)/OR.9

(Page 1, para 8) NAM reiterated its position of principle as follows:

(a) “NAM strongly believes that stability cannot be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities are maintained, particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons, which allow one party to threaten its neighbours and the region."

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2013 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(57)/OR.9

(Page 2, Para 14) The NAM members parties to the NPT... recalled the consensus decision contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the convening, in 2012, of a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction...

(Page 2, Para 15) The NAM members parties to the NPT were profoundly disappointed that the aforementioned conference to be convened in 2012 had still not taken place. They were of the view that the failure to convene the conference in 2012 had been contrary to the letter and spirit of the resolution on the Middle East adopted in 1995 by the NPT Review and Extension Conference and violated the collective agreement of the States parties to the NPT contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Conference. They urged the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without any further delay, in order to avoid a negative impact on the credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the 2015 NPT Review Conference and on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole.

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2013 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(57)/OR.9

(Page 1, Para 8)

(c) NAM is convinced that the effective and efficient application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East promotes greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considers that achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region is the first practical step towards that end, and is a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.

2014 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2014 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(58)/OR.8

(Page 2, para 9) NAM reiterated its position of principle in the matter as follows:

(b) "NAM considers the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterates its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant General Assembly and Security Council resolutions."

(c) "NAM is convinced that the effective and efficient application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East promotes greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considers that achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region is the first practical step towards that end, and is a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.”

(Page 2, Para 14) The NAM members party to the NPT recalled the consensus decision contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the convening, in 2012, of a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction. They were profoundly disappointed that the conference had still not taken place. The failure to convene the conference in 2012 had been contrary to the letter and spirit of the resolution on the Middle East adopted in 1995 by the NPT Review and Extension Conference and violated the collective agreement of the States parties to the NPT contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference. They strongly rejected the conveners’ allegations regarding impediments to the convening of the conference on schedule. They urged the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without any further delay in order to avoid a negative impact on the credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the 2015 NPT Review Conference and on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole.

(Page 3, Para 15) NAM requested the Director General to continue his consultations with Member States on arrangements conducive to achieving the objective of the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East.

(Page 11, Para 87) NAM considered that the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament, and it continued to advocate the establishment of such a zone in accordance with the relevant UN General Assembly and Security Council resolutions. 

General Views on NWFZ

2014 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(58)/OR.8

(Page 2, para 9) NAM reiterated its position of principle as follows:

(a) “NAM strongly believes that stability cannot be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities are maintained, particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons, which allow one party to threaten its neighbours and the region."

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2014 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(58)/OR.8

(Page 2, Para 14) The NAM members party to the NPT recalled the consensus decision contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the convening, in 2012, of a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other weapons of mass destruction. They were profoundly disappointed that the conference had still not taken place. …They strongly rejected the conveners’ allegations regarding impediments to the convening of the conference on schedule. They urged the Secretary-General of the United Nations, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without any further delay in order to avoid a negative impact on the credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the 2015 NPT Review Conference and on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole.

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2014 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(58)/OR.8

(Page 2, para 9) NAM reiterated its position of principle in the matter as follows:

(c) "NAM is convinced that the effective and efficient application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East promotes greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considers that achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region is the first practical step towards that end, and is a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.”

2015 General Conference

General Views on NWFZ

2015 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(59)/OR.8

(Page 4, para 37) NAM reiterated its position of principle as follows:

(a) “NAM strongly believes that stability cannot be achieved in a region where massive imbalances in military capabilities are maintained, particularly through the possession of nuclear weapons, which allow one party to threaten its neighbours and the region."

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2015 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(59)/OR.8

(Page 5, Para 42) The NAM members party to the NPT recalled the consensus decision contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the convening, in 2012, of a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other WMDs. They were profoundly disappointed that the conference had still not taken place. …They strongly rejected the conveners’ allegations regarding impediments to the convening of the conference on schedule. They urged the UN Secretary-General, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without further delay in order to avoid a negative impact on the credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the NPT Review Conference, on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole and on the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East.

Middle East NWFZ

2015 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(59)/OR.8

(Page 4, para 37) NAM reiterated its position of principle as follows:

(b) "NAM considers the establishment of a nuclear-weapon-free zone (NWFZ) in the Middle East as a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterates its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant UNGA and UNSC resolutions."

(c) "NAM is convinced that the effective and efficient application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East promotes greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considers that achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region is the first practical step towards that end, and is a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.”

(Page 5, Para 42) The NAM members party to the NPT recalled the consensus decision contained in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference on the convening, in 2012, of a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other WMDs. They were profoundly disappointed that the conference had still not taken place. …They strongly rejected the conveners’ allegations regarding impediments to the convening of the conference on schedule. They urged the UN Secretary-General, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without further delay in order to avoid a negative impact on the credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the NPT Review Conference, on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole and on the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East.

(Page 5, Para 44) NAM requested the Director General to continue to consult Member States on arrangements conducive to achieving the objective of the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East.

(Page 12, Para 101) NAM considered that the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and it continued to advocate the establishment of such a zone in accordance with the relevant UNGA and UNSC resolutions.

Application of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East

2015 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(59)/OR.8

(Page 4, para 37) NAM reiterated its position of principle as follows:

(c) "NAM is convinced that the effective and efficient application of IAEA safeguards in the Middle East promotes greater confidence among States in the region. Accordingly, NAM considers that achieving the universality of comprehensive Agency safeguards in the Middle East region is the first practical step towards that end, and is a necessary step towards the establishment of an NWFZ there.”

2016 General Conference

Middle East NWFZ

2016 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(60)/OR.8

(Page 2, Para 11) NAM, considering that an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step towards global nuclear disarmament, reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with the relevant UNGA and UNSC resolutions.

(Page 3, Para 18) NAM requested the Director General to continue to consult Member States on arrangements for establishing an NWFZ in the Middle East and hoped that all Member States of the Agency would support his efforts to implement resolutions GC(59)/RES/15 and GC(59)/RES/16.

(Page 3, Para 19) NAM seconded the draft resolution submitted by Egypt on the item under discussion.

(Page 7, Para 56) NAM strongly believed that stability could not be achieved in a region in which one State threatened neighbouring and other regional States, owing to a massive continuing imbalance in military capabilities, due to its possession of nuclear weapons.

(Page 8, Para 58) NAM considered that the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East would be a positive step towards attaining the objective of global nuclear disarmament and reiterated its support for the establishment of such a zone in accordance with relevant UNGA and UNSC resolutions. It also considered that the selective approach to the issue of nuclear capabilities in the Middle East had undermined the viability of the Agency’s safeguards regime and had resulted in the preservation of unsafeguarded Israeli nuclear facilities and activities, despite repeated calls on Israel to place them under comprehensive Agency safeguards.

1995 Resolution on the Middle East

2016 Plenary Session: Applications of IAEA Safeguards in the Middle East; Israeli nuclear capabilities GC(60)/OR.8

(Page 2, Para 16) NAM Members that were Parties to the NPT, mindful of the consensus decision to convene, in 2012, a conference on the establishment of a Middle East zone free of nuclear weapons and all other WMDs, had been profoundly disappointed that the conference had still not been convened, contrary to the letter and spirit of the 1995 resolution on the Middle East and the collective agreement of the Parties to the NPT enshrined in the Final Document of the 2010 NPT Review Conference. They had strongly rejected the conveners’ allegations of impediments to the convening of the conference on schedule. They urged the UN Secretary-General, the United States of America, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation to convene the conference without any further delay in order to avoid any negative repercussions on the relevance and credibility of the NPT, on the preparations for the NPT Review Conference, on the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime as a whole and on the establishment of an NWFZ in the Middle East.