Occasional Papers

Papers by CNS analysts on a wide variety of nonproliferation topics, frequently in collaboration with other organizations.
Updated: Mar 27, 2009

Engaging China and Russia on Nuclear Disarmament

Analyzing the prevailing perspectives, bureaucratic players, & politics and providing recommendations on how to engage Beijing and Moscow on "the road to zero."

Cristina Hansell and William C. Potter, Editors

March 2009

View Occasional Paper #15

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[PDF format 159 pages, 1.3 MB]

The past several years have witnessed a major revival of interest in nuclear disarmament in the United States. However, Chinese and Russian policy makers have been circumspect in their public commentary on the subject. Moreover, Beijing and Moscow are both currently reassessing their nuclear policies and postures. The decisions they make will affect their negotiating positions for years to come; therefore, now is the time to engage both countries in discussions about deep nuclear reductions that could ultimately lead to the elimination of their arsenals. Such actions will contribute to reaching "nuclear zero."

With an eye to engaging Beijing and Moscow in a serious dialogue about practical steps along "the road to zero," the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS), with the support of the Norwegian Foreign Ministry and the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation, embarked on a project to analyze the prevailing perspectives, bureaucratic players, and politics related to nuclear disarmament in China and Russia. In addition, the project sought to develop recommendations on how to build support for desired policy changes in Beijing and Moscow.

The essays in this Occasional Paper represent the findings from the first stage of the project: the examination of thinking on strategic policy, nuclear postures, and prospects for disarmament in Beijing and Moscow.


Cristina Hansell and William C. Potter

Summary Report

Chinese and Russian Perspectives on Achieving Nuclear Zero
Nikolai N. Sokov, Jing-dong Yuan, William C. Potter, and Cristina Hansell

Commissioned Essays

China and the Nuclear-Free World
Jing-dong Yuan
Chinese Nuclear Posture and Force Modernization
Jeffrey Lewis
How Chinese Analysts View Arms Control, Disarmament, and Nuclear Deterrence after the Cold War
Lora Saalman
The Evolving Role of Nuclear Weapons in Russia's Security Policy
Nikolai N. Sokov
Reducing Russia's Reliance on Nuclear Weapons in Security Policies
Vladimir Dvorkin
The Prospect of Universal Complete Nuclear Disarmament
Pavel S. Zolotarev
Formulation of Nuclear Policy in Moscow: Actors and Interests
Mikhail Tsypkin and Anya Loukianova
Strategic Relations between the United States, Russia, and China and the Possibility of Cooperation on Disarmament
Cristina Hansell and Nikita Perfilyev
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