Country Profile: Egypt

  • Official name: Arab Republic of Egypt
  • Joined NAM in 1961 (as part of United Arab Republic- Egypt and Syria)
  • Chaired the 2nd Summit (1964) and 15th Summit (2009) of NAM
  • According  to the IAEA, Egypt has significant nuclear activities
    • The Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority is Egypt's main nuclear research facility (created in 1955)
    • The first research reactor began operation in 1961 and the second in 1998
    • Egypt plans to begin constructing its first nuclear power plant in 2013 at El-Dabaa (as of 2011, under President Hosni Mubarak)
    • No large-scale nuclear power reactor
  • Egypt has been a vocal critic to the NPT for the lack of universitality
  • Furthermore, it supports a Middle Eastern Nuclear Weapon Free Zone.
  • Treaty & Agreement Membership:
    • African Nuclear Weapons Free Zone (Pelindaba Treaty)
    • Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT)
    • Conference on Disarmament (CD)
    • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)
      • IAEA Safeguards Agreement
    • Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT)
    • Partial Test Ban Treaty (PTBT)
    • Nuclear Safety Convention
  • Relevant links:

 


UN State Summary