Country Profile: Egypt


The Arab Republic of Egypt is situated in northeast Africa linked to the Middle East via the Sinai Peninsula, with the Mediterranean Sea north of the country, Libya to the West, Sudan to the south, Israel and the Red Sea to the east. Egypt is a semi-presidential republic with unicameral legislature that gained its independence in 1953.

Capital: Cairo

According to the IAEA, Egypt has two nuclear research reactors: the first began operation in 1961 and the second in 1998. Egypt announced in 2018 the upcoming construction of a 4,800 megawatt (MW) nuclear power plant in El Dabaa via cooperation with Russia, which is scheduled to be up and running by 2026.


  • Member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) since 1961
  • Member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 1957
  • Signed the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1925
    • Ratified in 1928
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
  • Signed Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1981
  • Acceded to Convention on Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) in 1982
  • Signed International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
  • Signed Outer Space Treaty in 1967
    • Ratified in 1968
  • Signed Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Signed Treaty of Pelindaba in 1996
  • Signed Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1981


  • Member of the Conference on Disarmament
  • Member of the G-21
  • Member of the Africa Group
  • Member of the Arab League
  • Member of the New Agenda Coalition
  • Member of the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  • Member of the G-77


  • Secretary-General of the United Nations (1992-1996)
  • IAEA Director General (1997-2009)
  • President of the NAM (2010-2012)
  • Vice-Chair of the First Committee (2010/2011)
  • Coordinator of the G21 (2015)
  • Vice-Chair of the UN Disarmament Commission (2017)
  • Member of 1540 Committee (2016/2017)


Egyptian Atomic Energy Authority

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament