Country Profile: Thailand


The Kingdom of Thailand is a unitary state on the Southeast Asian Indochinese Peninsula, bordered by Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia. The system of constitutional monarchy was established after a 1932 revolution and the kingdom’s name was officially changed from Siam.

Capital: Bangkok

There are no nuclear power plants in Thailand. The Thai Institute of Nuclear Technology operates a light water, graphite reactor (TRR-1/M1) for neutron radiography and irradiation experiments. The Suranee University of Technology is currently planning development of a reactor (SUT MNSR) for neutron boron capture therapy in the future.


  • Member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1957
  • Member of the Non-Alignment Movement (NAM) since 1993
  • Signed 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1925
    • Ratified in 1931
  • Signed Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1998
  • Signed Arms Trade Treaty in 2014
  • Signed Bangkok Treaty in 1995
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1973
    • Ratified in 1975
  • Signed Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2018
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 2018
  • Signed International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2019
  • Signed Outer Space Treaty in 1967
    • Ratified in 1968
  • Signed & Ratified Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
  • Acceded to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1972
  • Signed & Ratified the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017


  • Member of G-77
  • Member of the Asia-Pacific Group
  • Founding member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)


  • Held G-77 Chairmanship in 2016
  • IAEA Board of Governors for 2019-2020


Thailand Office of Atoms for Peace

Permanent Mission of Thailand to the United Nations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Thailand

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament