Country Profile: Uzbekistan


The Republic of Uzbekistan is a unitary state in central Asia, bordered by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Afghanistan. A large variety of minerals has been discovered on the territory of the Republic of Uzbekistan such as gold, copper, and uranium. It is the world’s seventh-ranking uranium supplier, and is expanding production. Uzbekistan is a presidential constitutional republic that gained its independence after the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991.

Capital: Tashkent

There are no nuclear power plants located in Uzbekistan. The Uzbek Academy of Sciences and Institute of Nuclear Physics operates one research reactor (WWR-SM Tashkent), used for neutron diffraction and activation analysis.

In 2018, Uzbekistan announced its plans, with aid from Russia, to build two nuclear power plants to contribute to its national energy production. The first plant will consist of two VVER-1200 reactors and is expected to be commissioned in 2028. Much of the fuel for the plants will come from internal sources, as Uzbekistan is ranked seventh in the world for its natural deposits of uranium.


          • Member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) since 1993
          • Member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 1994
          • Acceded to Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1996
          • Signed Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1995
            • Ratified in 1996
          • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
            • Ratified in 1997
          • Acceded to Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1997
          • Acceded to Convention on Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) in 1993
          • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 1998
          • Acceded to International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2008
          • Acceded to the Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1992
          • Signed Treaty on a Nuclear-Weapon-Free Zone in Central Asia (CANWFZ) in 2006
            • Ratified in 2007


          • Member of the Asia-Pacific Group
          • Member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
          • Member of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO)
          • Member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
          • Member of Partnership for Peace (PfP)
          • Member of Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC)
          • Member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)


Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Uzbekistan

The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Uzbekistan to the United Nations

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament