Country Profile: Venezuela


The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is located on the northern coast of South America, bordered by Colombia, Brazil, and Guyana. Venezuela is a federal presidential republic that declared its independence in 1811.

Capital: Caracas

There are no nuclear power plants in Venezuela. In 1956 General Electric supplied one material testing reactor (RV-1) which was subsequently shut down and decommissioned in 1994. The site is now used for gamma ray sterilization.


  • Member of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) since 1989
  • Member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 1957
  • Signed 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1925
    • Ratified in 1928
  • Acceded to Antarctic Treaty in 1999
  • Signed Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1978
  • Signed Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Acceded to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 2005
  • Signed Inter-American Convention on Firearms in 1997
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Signed Inter-American Convention on Transparency in 1999
    • Ratified in 2005
  • Acceded to Moon Treaty (Celestial Bodies) in 2016
  • Signed Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1965
  • Signed Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1967
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1975
  • Signed Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017
    • Ratified in 2018


  • Member of the Latin America and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)
  • Member of G-77
  • Member of G-21
  • Member of the Latin-American Integration Association (LAIA)


  • In 2002, Venezuela served as the Chair of the G-77.
  • In 2017, Venezuela announced its intention to withdraw from the Organization of American States (OAS).


Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament