Country Profile: Bosnia and Herzegovina (Observer)


Bosnia and Herzegovina is a southern European country located in the Balkans region and bordered by Serbia, Montenegro, and Croatia on the coast of the Adriatic Sea. Today Bosnia and Herzegovina is a federal parliamentary constitutional republic that proclaimed independence from the former Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992, following the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Capital: Sarajevo

There are no nuclear power plants or research reactors in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


  • Observer of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
  • Member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 1995
  • Signed Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1998
  • Signed Arms Trade Treaty in 2013
    • Ratified in 2014
  • Succeeded to Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1994
  • Signed & Ratified Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1997
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2006
  • Succeeded to Convention on Certain Convention Weapons in 1993
  • Signed Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2010
  • Succeeded to the Convention on the Physical protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 1998
  • Signed International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2017
  • Succeeded to Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1994
  • Succeeded to Sea-bed Treaty in 1994
  • Acceded to Treaty on Open Skies in 2003
  • Succeeded to Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1994


  • Member of the Eastern European Group
  • Member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Member of the Council of Europe
  • Participant in Partnership for Peace (PfP)


  • Member of the 1540 Committee in 2010/2011
  • Non-permanent member of the UN Security Council in 2010/2011


Permanent Mission of Bosnia and Herzegovina to the United Nations

Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Foreign Affairs

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Memberships in International Organizations Related to Disarmament