Country Profile: Serbia (Observer)


The Republic of Serbia is a landlocked country in the Balkans region of southeastern Europe. It is bordered by Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, North Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, and Montenegro, as well as Albania through a shared border with the disputed territory of Kosovo. Serbia was one of the co-founders of the nation of Yugoslavia following World War I until the breakup of Yugoslavia in the 1990s. A subsequent union with Montenegro was dissolved in 2006, when Serbia became an independent sovereign state with a unitary, parliamentary constitutional republican government.

Capital: Belgrade

There are currently no nuclear power plants or research reactors in Serbia.

In 2019, Serbia signed an intergovernmental cooperation agreement with Russia for the future construction of a Center for Nuclear Science, Technology, and Innovation. The Center will host a 20 MW reactor provided by ROSATOM, to be used for radioisotope production, material composition testing, and education & training.


  • Observer of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM)
  • Member of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) since 2001
  • Succeeded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 2006
  • Acceded to the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 2006
  • Signed Arms Trade Treaty in 2013
    • Ratified in 2014
  • Succeeded to the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1992
  • Acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 2000
  • Signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 2001
    • Ratified in 2004
  • Acceded to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 2001
  • Succeeded to the Convention on the Physical protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 2002
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2006
  • Signed Outer Space Treaty in 1967
  • Signed Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Succeeded to the Sea-bed Treaty in 2006
  • Succeeded to the Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1992


  • Member of the Council of Europe
  • Member of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Member of the Partnership for Peace
  • Member of the Eastern European Group


  • President of the 67th Session of the UN General Assembly in 2012


Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Serbia

Serbia Permanent Mission to the United Nations-New York

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Memberships in International Organizations Related to Disarmament