Country Profile: Chile


The Republic of Chile is one of the most economically and socially stable nations in South America, occupying over 6,000 miles of Pacific coastline, and bordering Argentina to the east and Peru and Bolivia to the north. Chile is a presidential representative democartic republic that declared its independence in 1810.

Capital: Santiago

Chile has one operational nuclear research reactor (RECH-1) and one in temporary shutdown (RECH-2). The Chilean Nuclear Energy Commission is responsible for regulatory supervision of domestic nuclear activity together with the state’s Ministry of Health. Chile currently has no nuclear power plants.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1973
  • Acceded to Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1995
  • Signed Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
                                      • Ratified in 2000
  • Signed IAEA Additional Protocol in 1995
  • Signed Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1991
                                      • Ratified in 1994
  • Signed Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
                                      • Ratified in 1980
  • Signed Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
                                      • Ratified in 2000
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 1994
  • Signed International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
                                      • Ratified in 2010


  • Member of the Organization of American States (OAS)
  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the G-21
  • Member of the Latin American and the Caribbean Group (GRULAC)


  • IAEA Board Chair in 2007-2008
  • Member of the 1540 Committee in 2004 and 2014/2015
  • Non-permanent member of the UNSC in 2004/2005 and 2014/2015
  • Secretary-General of OAS from 2005 to 2015
  • Secretary-General of OPANAL from 2001-2007



Permanent Mission of Chile to the United Nations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament

UN State Summary