Country Profile: Ghana



The Republic of Ghana is located on the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa. Ghana is bordered to the east by Togo, to the northwest by Burkina Faso, and to the west by Cote D’Ivoire; it has access to the Atlantic Ocean to the south. Ghana is a presidential representative democratic republic that gained independence in 1957.

Capital: Accra

Currently Ghana does not have any operational nuclear power plants.

Ghana has one nuclear research reactor (GHARR-1) located in Accra, which reached its first criticality in 1994 and is mainly used for neutron activation analysis, education and training. In 2017 it completed the conversion of research reactor fuel from high enriched uranium (HEU) to low enriched uranium (LEU).


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1961
  • Signed Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Acceded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1967
  • Signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1975
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2011
  • Signed the Outer Space Treaty in 1967
  • Signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
  • Signed the Sea-bed Treaty in 1971
  • Signed the Pelindaba Treaty in 1996
    • Ratified in 2011
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 2000
  • Signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013
    • Ratified in 2015
  • Signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2011
  • Signed and ratified the Convention on Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) in 1978
  • Signed the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 2002
    • Ratified the 2005 CPPNM amendment in 2012
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2006
  • Signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017



  • NAM Founding Member
  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the African Group


Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament

UN State Summary