Country Profile: Guatemala


Guatemala borders Mexico to northwest, Belize to northeast, Honduras and El Salvador to southeast, and has access to the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Guatemala is a presidential representative democratic republic that gained its independence in 1821.

Capital: Guatemala City 

Guatemala does not possess any nuclear power plants, research reactors, or other nuclear facilities.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1993
  • Signed Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Acceded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1983
  • Signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 2003
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1973
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1999
    • Ratified in 2012
  • Signed the Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1967
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Signed the Moon Treaty (Celestial Bodies) in 1980
  • Signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Signed the Sea-bed Treaty in 1971
    • Ratified in 1996
  • Acceded to the Antarctic Treaty in 1991
  • Acceded to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1983
  • Signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2010
  • Signed the Inter-American Convention on Firearms in 1997
    • Ratified in 2003
  • Signed the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in 1999
    • Ratified in 2001
  • Ratified the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 1985
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2018
  • Signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013
    • Ratified in 2016


  • Member of the Organization for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons Latin America and the Caribbean (OPANAL)
  • Member of the OPANAL Council
  • Member of the Organization of American States (OAS)
  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the Latin American and Caribbean Group (GRULAC)



  • Chair of the 2013 Session of the General Assembly for the Organization of American States (OAS)
  • Member of the 2012 and 2013 1540 Committee
  • Vice-Chair of the UN First Committee in 2016



UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament