Country Profile: Indonesia


The Republic of Indonesia is located on the Equator, between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Indonesia shares its land border with Malaysia to the north, East Timor and Papua New Guinea to the east. Indonesia shares maritime borders with Singapore, Malaysia, Vietnam, Philippines, Palau, and Australia. The Republic of Indonesia is a presidential republic that gained its independence in 1945.

Capital: Jakarta 

President Sukarno of Indonesia was one of the five founding leaders of the Non-Aligned Movement. The headquarters of the Non-Aligned Movement are located in Jakarta, demonstrating the centrality of the Indonesian state to the NAM ideals.

Indonesia has three nuclear research reactors in Bandung, Yogyakarta, and Serpong that are operated by the National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia (BATAN).

Indonesia has long considered large-scale nuclear power development. In 2014 BATAN announced site investigations to consider the feasibility of constructing over 20 units. The National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia plans to have up to four large reactors online by 2025.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1961
  • Signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1970
    • Ratified in 1979
  • Succeeded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1971
  • Signed the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1992
  • Signed the Chemical weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1998
  • Signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2012
  • Signed the Bangkok Treaty in 1995
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed the Outer Space Treaty in 1967
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention on 1997
    • Ratified in 2007
  • Signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
  • Signed and ratified the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) in 1986
  • Acceded to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2014
  • Signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017


  • Member of the Conference on Disarmament
  • Member of the G-21
  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  • Member of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
  • Observer to the African Union


  • NAM founding member
  • Non-permanent member of the UN Security Council on 2019/2020 and 2007/2008
  • Chairperson of the UN 1540 Committee in 2019
  • Member of the UN 1540 Committee in 2019/2008/2007
  • Vice-Chair of the UN 1540 Committee in 2008/2007
  • Chairperson of the UN First Committee in 2012/2006
  • Vice-Chair of the UN First Committee in 2016/2006
  • Chairperson of the CTBTO PrepComm in 2001
  • Chair of the 3rd NPT PrepComm in 2004



Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Indonesia

Permanent Mission of Indonesia to the United Nations

Indonesia IAEA Country Profile Page

National Nuclear Energy Agency of Indonesia

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament