Country Profile: Lebanon


The Lebanese Republic is located in the Middle East. It borders Syria to the northeast, Israel to the south, and shares a maritime border with Cyprus to the west. Lebanon is a semi-presidential parliamentary democratic republic that gained its independence in 1943.

Capital: Beirut

Lebanon does not possess any nuclear power plants, research reactors, or other nuclear facilities.

Radiation sources and radioactive materials in Lebanon are used in the fields of medicine, agriculture, environment, academic research, and industry. The country has no plans to add nuclear energy to its electricity grid mix, and the establishment of a research reactor is not a stated government priority. In 2019, an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts completed a nuclear security advisory mission in Lebanon, carried out at the request of the Lebanese Government.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1961
  • Signed Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Acceded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1969
  • Acceded to the Moon Treaty (Celestial Bodies) in 2006
  • Acceded to the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 2008
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1975
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2008
  • Signed the Sea-bed Treaty in 1971
  • Signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1965
  • Signed the Outer Space Treaty in 1967
    • Ratified in 1969
  • Signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2014
    • Ratified in 2019
  • Acceded to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 2017
  • Signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2010
  • Signed the Convention on Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) in 1977
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) in 1997
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2006


  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the Asia-Pacific Group
  • Member of the Arab League
  • Member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)


  • Non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 2010/2011


Permanent Mission of Lebanon to the United Nations

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament