Country Profile: Azerbaijan


The Republic of Azerbaijan is a landlocked country in the South Caucasus, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Central Asia.  Azerbaijan borders Iran to the south, Armenia to the west, Georgia to the northwest, Russia to the north, and is bound by the Caspian Sea to the east. Azerbaijan is a unitary semi-presidential republic that proclaimed its independence in 1991, shortly before the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

Capital: Baku

Azerbaijan does not currently have any nuclear power plants, nuclear research reactors, or uranium mines.

Azerbaijan has one radioactive waste facility, known as Izotop and located 30 km from Baku.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 2011
  • Acceded to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear weapons (NPT) in 1992
  • Acceded to the Biological weapons Convention (BWC) in 2004
  • Signed the Chemical weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 2000
  • Signed the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 2004
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2009
  • Acceded to the Outer Space Treaty in 2015
  • Signed the Treaty on the Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE) in 1990
    • Ratified in 1992


  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the Eastern European Group
  • Member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
  • Member of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)


  • Non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 2012/2013
  • Vice-Chair for the 1540 Committee in 2012/2013
  • NAM 18th NAM Midterm Ministerial Conference of the NAM held in Baku, Azerbaijan, 5-6 April 2018
  • Chairperson for NAM from 2019-2022
  • Chairperson for the 2019 NAM Summit


Azerbaijani Chairmanship to the Non-Aligned Movement

Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Baku Declaration

Reaching Critical Will Azerbaijan Country Statements

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament