Country Profile: Madagascar


The Republic of Madagascar is an island country located in the Indian Ocean, off the coast of East Africa. Madagascar is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic that gained its independence in 1960.

Capital: Antananarivo

Madagascar does not possess any nuclear power plants or research reactors.

Madagascar has a storage facility for radioactive sources, operated by the National Institute of Nuclear Sciences and Techniques (INSTN-Madagascar), medical facilities with radioactive sources, a radioisotope laboratory, and a mine that uses radioactive sources.

In August 2019, an International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) team of experts completed a nuclear security advisory mission, carried out at the request of the government of Madagascar. The team observed that Madagascar has established a nuclear security regime that incorporates essential elements of the IAEA’s guidance on the fundamentals of nuclear security.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1973
  • Signed Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Acceded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1967
  • Signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 2004
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 2008
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2005
  • Acceded to the Outer Space Treaty in 1968
  • Signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1965
  • Signed the Sea-bed Treaty in 1971
  • Acceded to the Pelindaba Treaty in 2003
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed the Convention in Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2017
  • Acceded to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 2008
  • Signed the Arms Trade Treaty in 2013
    • Ratified in 2016
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) in 2003
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2017
  • Signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017


  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the African Group
  • Member of the African Union


  • Non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 1985/1986



National Institute of Nuclear Sciences and Techniques

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament