Country Profile: Malaysia


Located in Southeast Asia, Malaysia is divided by the South China Sea into two regions, Peninsular Malaysia and East Malaysia. Peninsular Malaysia borders Thailand to the north and shares maritime border with Singapore, Vietnam and Indonesia. East Malaysia borders Brunei, Philippines, and Vietnam. Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy that gained its independence in 1957.

Capital: Kuala Lumpur

Currently Malaysia does not have any operational nuclear power plants. In 2016 a team from the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) reviewed the infrastructure development for a future nuclear power program.

Malaysia has one nuclear research reactor (RTP) which began operation in 1982. The reactor was designed to effectively implement the various fields of basic nuclear science and education, such as nuclear research and development, radioisotope production, education & training.



  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1970
  • Signed Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Acceded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1970
  • Signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 2000
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1991
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1998
    • Ratified in 2008
  • Signed the Bangkok Treaty in 1995
    • Ratified in 1996
  • Signed the Outer Space Treaty in 1967
  • Signed the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Signed the Sea-bed Treaty in 1971
    • Ratified in 1972
  • Acceded to the Antarctic Treaty in 2011
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013
  • Signed the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
  • Signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017


  • Member of the Conference on Disarmament
  • Member of the G-21
  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the Asia-Pacific Group


  • Chair of the 2019 Preparatory Committee for the 2020 Review Conference of the parties to the NPT
  • Chair of the 2014 Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO)
  • Chair of the 2003 NAM Summit
  • Member of the 1540 Committee in 2016
  • President of the 6th session of the Conference on Disarmament in 2014



Permanent Mission of Malaysia to the United Nations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Malaysia

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament