Country Profile: Mali


The Republic of Mali is a landlocked country in Western Africa that borders Algeria to the northeast, Niger and Burkina Faso to the southeast, Cote d’Ivoire and Guinea to the south, and Senegal and Mauritania to the west. Mali is a semi-presidential representative democratic republic that gained its independence in 1960.

Capital: Bamako

Mali does not possess any nuclear power plants or research reactors.

Mali has a uranium deposit located in its southwest region, called Falea. The mine was discovered in 1970 and is used mainly for copper and silver mining. Uranium is produced only as a co-product.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1961
  • Signed Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1969
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Acceded to the Outer Space Treaty in 1968
  • Signed the Partial test Ban Treaty in 1963
  • Signed the Sea-bed Treaty in 1996
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1998
  • Signed and ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013
  • Acceded to the Convention in Certain Conventional Weapons in 2001
  • Signed the Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2010
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 2002
  • Acceded to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2009
  • Signed the Pelindaba Treaty, in 1996
    • Ratified in 1996


  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the African Group
  • Member of the African Union
  • Member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)


  • Non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 1966/1967 and 2000/2001
  • Vice-Chair of the UN First Committee in 2018


The Permanent Mission of the Republic of Mali to the United Nations

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament