Country Profile: Niger


The Republic of Niger is a large, landlocked country in West Africa bordered by Libya, Chad, Nigeria, Benin, Mali, Burkina Faso, and Algeria. Niger is one of the poorest developing countries in the world, with one of the largest populations in Africa. Niger is a semi-presidential republic that gained its independence in 1960.

Capital: Niamey

Niger does not possess any nuclear research reactors or power plants. However, the country contains one of the world’s largest uranium ore deposits and has contributed over 5% of the global uranium mining production since 1971. The French Atomic Energy Commission, now Orano, has continued to manage uranium mining in Niger despite Niger’s independence from France in 1960. 



  • Joined International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in 1969
  • Joined Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1973
  • Succeeded to 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1967
  • Signed Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed Arms Trade Treaty in 2014
    • Ratified in 2015
  • Signed & Ratified Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
  • Signed Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Acceded to Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1992
  • Signed Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2009
  • Acceded to Convention on Environmental Modification Techniques (ENMOD) in 1993
  • Signed & Ratified Outer Space Treaty in 1967
  • Signed Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Signed Treaty of Pelindaba in 1996
    • Ratified in 2017
  • Signed & Ratified Sea-bed Treaty in 1971
  • Acceded to International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2008
  • Acceded to Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1992


  • Charter member of the African Union
  • Economic Community of West African States
  • Member of the G-77


  • IAEA Board of Governors for 2019-2020
  • Non-permanent member of the UN Security Council from 2020-2021


UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament