Country Profile: Peru


The Republic of Peru is located in western South America, bordered by Ecuador and Columbia to the north, Brazil to the east, Bolivia to the southeast, and Chile to the south. Peruvian territory has one of the longest histories of civilization in the world, dating back to the 4th millennia BC. Peru is a presidential representative democratic republic that gained its independence in 1821.

Capital: Lima

There are no nuclear power plants in Peru. However, there is one critical assembly (RP-0) and one research reactor (RP-10) used for neutron radiography.


  • Ratified International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) membership in 1957
  • Member of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) since 1973
  • Acceded to 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1985
  • Acceded to Antarctic Treaty in 1981
  • Signed Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1997
    • Ratified in 1998
  • Signed Arms Trade Treaty in 2013
    • Ratified in 2016
  • Signed Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1972
    • Ratified in 1985
  • Signed Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1995
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Acceded to Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 1997
  • Signed Convention on Cluster Munitions in 2008
    • Ratified in 2012
  • Signed Inter-American Convention on Firearms in 1997
    • Ratified in 1999
  • Signed Inter-American Convention on Transparency in 1999
    • Ratified in 2002
  • Signed Moon Treaty (Celestial Bodies) in 1981
    • Ratified in 2005
  • Signed Outer Space Treaty in 1967
    • Ratified in 1979
  • Signed Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1963
    • Ratified in 1964
  • Acceded to the Convention on the Physical protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 1995
  • Signed International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2005
    • Ratified in 2009
  • Ratified Treaty of Tlatelolco in 1995
  • Signed Treaty for the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in 1968
    • Ratified in 1970
  • Signed Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017


  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of GRULAC
  • Member of the Organization of American States (OAS)


  • Non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council in 2018/2019
  • Member of the 1540 Committee in 2018/2019 and 2006/2007
  • Vice-Chair for the UN First Committee in 2007 and 2012
  • Secretary-General of OPANAL in 1994-2000


Permanent Mission of Peru to the United Nations

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament