Country Profile: Bangladesh


The People’s Republic of Bangladesh is located in the South Asia, in the northeastern part of the Indian subcontinent. Bangladesh is surrounded by India to the west, north, and east, and shares a border to the south with Myanmar. Bangladesh is a parliamentary republic that gained its independence in 1971.

Capital: Dhaka

Currently Bangladesh does not have any operational nuclear power plants. However, in November 2017 Bangladesh broke ground on its first nuclear power plant, located in Rooppur. The plant consists of two units and is scheduled to come online in 2023-2024.

Bangladesh has one research reactor in Dhaka used for neutron radiography, neutron scattering, and radioisotope production.


  • Joined the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in 1973
  • Acceded to the Nonproliferation Treaty (NPT) in 1979
  • Acceded to the 1925 Geneva Protocol in 1989
  • Signed the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) in 1993
    • Ratified in 1997
  • Acceded to the Biological Weapons Convention (BWC) in 1985
  • Signed Comprehensive Nuclear-Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) in 1996
    • Ratified in 2000
  • Acceded to the Outer Space Treaty in 1986
  • Acceded to the Partial Test Ban Treaty in 1985
  • Signed the Anti-Personnel Mine Ban Convention in 1998
    • Ratified in 2000
  • Signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) in 2013
  • Acceded to the Convention on Certain Conventional Weapons in 2000
  • Acceded to the Convention in Environmental Modifications Techniques (ENMOD) in 1979
  • Acceded to the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials (CPPNM) in 2005
  • Acceded to the International Convention for the Suppression of Acts of Nuclear Terrorism (ICSANT) in 2007
  • Signed the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons (TPNW) in 2017
    • Ratified in 2019



  • Member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)
  • Member of the Conference on Disarmament
  • Member of the G-21
  • Member of the G-77
  • Member of the Asia-Pacific Group



  • Non-Permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in 2000/2001
  • President of the Conference on Disarmament on 2010



Permanent Mission of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh to the United Nations

Bangladesh Ministry of Foreign Affairs

UN State Summary

Ratification of Treaties & Membership in International Organizations Related to Disarmament